The dawn of the internet has made daily tasks easy and simple. However, on the contrary, what remains hidden is the complex architecture behind the working of every single webpage and web-based application.
Therefore, the production of web applications is best handled by experts. These professionals are also known as full-stack web developers. They take care of both front-end and back-end software development, which, when joined, help form a user-friendly and server-manageable web application.
While Front-end web development involves developing a user-friendly interface, on the other hand, back-end web development includes processes to respond to user queries, database management, and smooth running of the application.
A vital determinant of full-stack development procedure is web application architecture. This refers to the web application’s layout, structure, and different components and the processes through which the various parts interact.
What Is Web Application Architecture
As mentioned above, web application architecture defines the different components in a web application and their interaction with each other, giving rise to a smooth-running software that is accessible at both the client end and server end.
With the help of web architecture practices, developers can determine the data delivery route, manage records, and provide user access as required. Web application architecture contains the following three layers:
1. Presentation Layer
The presentation layer forms the user interface, allowing clients to access or interact with the web application. This layer holds the UI/UX design, notifications, configuration, dashboard, etc.
2. Application Layer
The application layer forms the back-end web development portion as it is concerned with the server-side component of web architecture. Tasks such as receiving and handling user requests, queries, business logic, and extracting required data are formed in this layer.
The application layer, therefore, contains server infrastructure and databases. This is built using technologies and tools like Python, Node.js, Java, PHP, and Ruby.
3. Data Layer
It is also known as the persistence layer and is responsible for data collection and storage. The application or business layers of web architecture work closely with the data layer to retrieve and present information to the user, enabling a smooth-running web application.
The data layer employs a database management system software and data storage devices like the cloud or hard disk.
Since these three layers play a crucial role in the smooth functioning of any web application, it is important to design them in a way that allows seamless interaction with each other. The availability of multiple tools and technologies available has made it easier to develop and intertwine these layers.
Full-Stack Web Development Concepts
The architectural design of any web application helps determine its scalability, functioning, appearance, and success. Therefore, assessing the advantages and drawbacks of different web application architecture designs and applying the one that best suits the company’s needs is essential.
Following are the top web development concepts that you can base your architectural design on:
You can create a fast-performing web application with microservices since the services are distributed into small, lightweight, single-functionality components that interact via restful APIs.
In addition, since each component has its own database and business logic, you can deploy independent services easily. This makes it highly useful for scalability and complex applications.
The complete web application software is developed as a single unit within the monolith. This is the oldest version of web design and architecture.
In a monolith, all the components are co-dependent and run together. This makes it helpful in creating projects, testing applications, and applying scripts and templates.
Serverless architecture takes the help of infrastructure service providers, enabling you to follow a pay-per-use model.
This form of web architecture is preferred when building cost-efficient environments. Moreover, since the service provider handles the scalability, developing the application becomes easier.
Single page applications
Most commonly used, single-page web applications include only necessary elements where all the information is updated on one page. This provides an interactive user experience free from any extra content details that can disrupt the interaction process.
Unlike single-page applications, the multi-page architecture uses several web pages with distinctive functions. This is highly useful in forming applications that have multiple functions and workflows.
Best Practices In Web Application Architecture
Choosing the right design depends on the application’s growth, operation, and reliability goals. A few standard practices and principles have been defined to help understand the best web architecture approach for your project:
When defining your web application’s architecture, you must remember to incorporate security measures that meet industry standards for data protection, resilience, and, therefore, consistent performance.
As mentioned above, your web application should be scalable. To support growth, you can choose a vertical, diagonal, or horizontal scaling model for your web architectural design.
Your web architecture design should be able to perform testing, maintenance, and deployment of data automatically without human interference. In addition, you can include machine learning to help enhance productivity and minimize costs.
Any web application should have a wide bandwidth and be flexible enough to adapt to modern technologies. This could include shifting the interface or infrastructure to a multi-cloud or hybrid cloud setting for manageable growth.
Even if you design a complex web application, ensure the user interface is simple to follow so that users can visit your web application regularly.
The right web architecture approach is vital to building a successful web application that fulfills all your needs and goals. Since full-stack development involves multiple intricate steps, it is vital to be well-versed in all the technologies and their application to support your product.
Your web application should provide a seamless UI/UX experience and satisfy the user in terms of speed, availability, and interaction. In addition, it should be cost-effective and scalable. Therefore, trying different approaches theoretically and selecting the best concepts and practices of full-stack web development architecture that align with your web application is best.